Nestled in a top of a hill Kathmandu, Nepal, stands a sacred site that has been a center of Buddhist worship for centuries: Swayambhunath. Known as the “Monkey Temple” due to the playful primates that inhabit the area, Swayambhunath offers not only stunning panoramic views of the city but also an opportunity to partake in an authentic Buddhist puja. For tourists seeking a deeper understanding of Buddhist rituals and a chance to immerse themselves in spiritual practices, this experience at Swayambhunath is truly transformative.

The Ancient Origins of Swayambhunath:

Swayambhunath holds great historical and religious significance in Nepal. Legend has it that the Kathmandu Valley was once a lake, and a sacred lotus flower bloomed at the center, emitting a radiant light. Enlightened by the vision, the Bodhisattva Manjushri cut a gorge at Chovar, allowing the water to drain, revealing the land that is now the valley. Swayambhunath is believed to be the manifestation of that lotus.

Exploring the Stupa and Surroundings:

The main attraction at Swayambhunath is the imposing white stupa adorned with the all-seeing eyes of the Buddha, symbolizing his watchful presence. As you ascend the steps, prayer flags flutter in the breeze, and the sounds of monks chanting and the tinkling of prayer wheels fill the air.

The stupa itself is surrounded by smaller shrines, statues of deities, and prayer wheels. Take a moment to circumambulate the stupa in a clockwise direction, spinning the prayer wheels and reciting mantras as you go. This act is believed to accumulate merit and purify negative karma.

Participating in a Buddhist Puja:

To truly experience the spiritual essence of Swayambhunath, participating in a Buddhist puja is a must. The puja, or prayer ceremony, is a time of devotion, meditation, and offering to the enlightened beings. It is a beautiful way to connect with the teachings of Buddhism and gain a deeper understanding of the faith.

The puja typically takes place in one of the monasteries surrounding the stupa. As you enter, you’ll be greeted by the soothing aroma of incense and the sight of saffron-robed monks engrossed in their rituals. Find a comfortable spot and observe the serene atmosphere.

The puja begins with the melodious chanting of scriptures and the rhythmic beating of drums. The sound resonates within you, creating a sense of tranquility and focus. The monks recite ancient prayers, invoking the blessings of the Buddha and bodhisattvas for the well-being of all sentient beings.

During the puja, you may be offered a khata, a traditional ceremonial scarf symbolizing purity and respect. You can present this khata to the main statue or to the resident lama as a token of your reverence.

As the ceremony progresses, butter lamps are lit, and offerings of food, flowers, and incense are made. These acts symbolize generosity, gratitude, and the transience of life. Observing the puja, you will be moved by the devotion and sincerity of the practitioners, and it offers a moment of introspection and contemplation.


Embracing the Spiritual Energy:

Participating in a Buddhist puja at Swayambhunath allows you to connect with the spiritual energy that permeates the site. The combination of sacred chants, the devotion of the monks, and the palpable sense of tranquility creates an atmosphere that is both humbling and uplifting.

As you witness the puja unfolding before you, you may find yourself drawn into a state of deep reflection and inner peace. The rhythmic recitation of prayers and the gentle flickering of butter lamps create a meditative ambiance, inviting you to quiet your mind and open your heart.

The presence of fellow worshippers from various backgrounds adds to the profound sense of unity and shared humanity. People from different corners of the globe gather at Swyambhu, transcending language barriers and cultural differences, all seeking a connection with something greater than themselves.

In this sacred space, you have the opportunity to offer your own prayers and aspirations. Whether you follow a specific religious path or simply appreciate the universal values of compassion and kindness, the puja invites you to reflect on your own journey and extend well wishes to others.

Beyond the puja itself, exploring the surroundings of Swyambhu offers additional avenues for spiritual growth. Take a moment to sit in quiet contemplation on one of the temple’s terraces, observing the beauty of the landscape and the city stretching out below. The expansive view serves as a reminder of the vastness of the world and the interconnectedness of all beings.


A visit to Swyambhu for a Buddhist puja is an experience that goes beyond mere sightseeing. It is an opportunity to immerse yourself in the rich tapestry of Buddhist traditions, to connect with the spiritual energy that flows through the site, and to gain a deeper understanding of your own spiritual path. Whether you seek solace, inspiration, or simply a moment of tranquility, Swyambhu welcomes you with open arms. Allow yourself to be enveloped by the ancient wisdom and profound beauty that this sacred place holds, and let it leave an indelible mark on your soul.


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